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They now use their own Nanakshahi calendar which started on 14 March Gregorian 1 Chet, year Nanakshahi and aligns with the Gregorian calendar as follows. Although there is an obvious relationship with the Hindu Solar Calendar, the Sikh Organisation states that these dates are fixed relative to the Gregorian Calendar. The Nanakshahi calendar is used for all the Gurupurabs festivals marking events in the lives of the Gurus except the birthday of Guru Nanak which continues to be celebrated according to the Hindu Lunar calendar on Katik Poornamashi.

Events such as Maghi and Hola Mohalla continue to be celebrated according to the relevant calendars. Some Gurupurabs are considered more significant that others. These are the ones that commonly appear as holidays.

Gurpurabs mark the culmination of Prabhat Pheris, the early morning religious procession which goes around the localities singing shabads hymns. These pheris generally start three weeks before the festival. Devotees offer sweets and tea when the procession passes their homes.

The celebrations start with the three-day akhand path, in which the Guru Granth Sahib the holy book of the Sikhs is read continuously from beginning to end without a break. The conclusion of the reading coincides with the day of the festival.

The Granth Sahib is also carried in procession on a float decorated with flowers throughout the village or city. Five armed guards, who represent the Panj Pyares, head the procession carrying Nishan Sahibs the Sikh flag. Local bands play religious music and marching schoolchildren form a special part of the procession.

Free sweets and langar community lunches are also offered to everyone irrespective of religious faith. Local volunteers serve it with a spirit of seva service and bhakti devotion. Sikhs visit gurdwaras Sikh temples where special programmes are arranged and kirtans religious songs sung.

Houses and gurdwaras are lit up to add to the festivities.

DIN 18800 PART 1 PDF

Imamia Jantri 2001 to 2020



Nanakshahi Calendar / Jantri


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