It is surprising that no serious translations at present exist from this voluminous and influential body of writing, given that there are few hadith which can be understood adequately without reference to the often complex debates which have taken place concerning them between the scholars. Ibn Hajar frequently uses the Kushmayhani variant as his standard text, but gives his reasons, often in complex detail, for preferring other readings where these seem to have particular merit. In doing this he makes it clear that he is authorized, through the ijaza-system, for all the riwayat he cites. His respect for the compiler was no less total, as is evident from the short biography which he offers of him, which portrays him as a saint as well as a scholar. He collected his Sahih in Khurasan, and arranged it in the sanctuary at Mecca, and completed it while seated between the minbar and the Blessed Prophetic Tomb in Madina. His miracles karamat are numerous and well-attested.

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So whoever emigrated for worldly benefits or for a woman to marry, his emigration was for what he emi- grated for. Abu Dawood and others - And the answer to that objection is: That there is no specific format for an opening address, rather the purpose of the opening ad- dress is an introduction with anything that clarifies the purpose.

Even if we agree for the sake of argument that they are authentic, there is nothing in the narrations that indicate that the praise and testi- mony is necessary both verbally and textually.

So with this said, the author did not begin his book with the introductory sermon, and rather began in the form of a letter to the people of knowledge so that they may benefit from his work and teach it. On the same token, he listed the chain of narration before the actual wording of the hadith.

Saeed bin Jubair and the majority of scholars are of the opinion that it is permissi- ble to do so. The start of the revelation : Revelation linguistically means informing or notifying privately. Technically revelation means informing or notifying with regards to Islamic law. This by no means contradicts the fact that Adam was the first prophet to be sent as is will be shown in the hadith concerning the intercession. Another correlation between Al Hu- maidi and this narration is that the narration deals with the start of the revelation, and the start of the revelation was in Mecca, so it was appropriate for Al Bukhari to begin this chapter with the narration he heard from this man who was from Mecca.

Perhaps the people of that opinion were referring to that which was narrated regarding the story of the migrator of Umm Qays. It was narrated that a man migrated from Mecca to Al Madinah not seeking the virtues of mi- gration, rather seeking to marry a woman named Umm Qays, and for this reason the hadith specified migrating for the sake of marrying a woman and not any other possible cause of migration.

So we used to call him the migrater for Umm Qays. Also, the scholars of Islam have agreed about the veneration and honor of this hadith: 1. Abu Abdillah said concerning this hadith: There is nothing more complete, helpful, and more beneficial than this hadith. His heart 2. His tongue 3. His limbs The intention, dealing with the heart, is one of these three categories and could very well be the most important because it could be an independent act of worship, while all other acts of worship are in need of it.

Between the two there are doubtful mat- ters concerning which people do not know whether they are halal or haram. Truly, every king has a hima, and the hima of Allah is what He has prohibited. First of all, Bukhari and Muslim have agreed upon the authenticity of this hadith, and it was recorded by all the famous scholars of hadith in their compilations expect imam Malik. So technically, this narration can actually be considered a successive narration, mutawatir, based on the meaning of the hadith and not on the chain of narration.

Also the intention is based 21 upon sincerity which is one, and directed towards The one with no partners. Also the deeds are the actions performed by the organs including the words of the tongue and actions of the heart.

While the second sentence implies that the doer gets nothing except what he intended for. And whatever he does not intend for, he does not get it. For if he does not intend something specific, but he had a general intention which covers what he did not specifically intend for, then the scholars have differed in this. Sometimes a person doing a specific deed also gets what he was not specifically intending for, e.

And Al- lah knows best. Also if the Dhikr, for example, is done with an intention of seek- ing closeness to Allah, then the reward is more. This can have several explanations. It is also his methodology that if he has the same text with more than one chain of narrators, then he mentions the text with one chain at one place and with a different chain at another place i.

After the conquest of Mecca, this latter form was not limited to Medi- nah, but rather became general to all places of Islam. So when Abu Talha proposed to her, she promised to marry him if he too embraced Islam. This was narrated by Al-Nasai. It can be said that Abu Talhah wanted to embrace Islam of his own will and added to it the intention to marry, similar to the one who intends from his fasting sawm both worship and nutrition!

A successive narration is one conveyed by narrators so numerous that it is not conceivable that they have agreed upon a lie, thus being accepted as unquestionable in its veracity. The number of narrators is unspecified.. Linguistically, hadith ahad refers to a hadith narrated by only one narrator. In hadith terminology, it refers to a hadith not fulfilling all of the conditions necessary to be deemed mutawatir. Hadith ahad consists of three sub- classifications also relating to the number of narrators in the chain or chains of narration.

How does the revelation come to you? Sometimes the angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I take what he says. The opinion that Aisha witnessed the dialogue is more prominent amongst the scholars. Therefore it is befitting in this chapter. Other times he came as different types of people, as is supported by many authentic nar- rations.

The revelation itself came in different forms, as follows; 1. Similar to the buzzing of bees 2. The blowing into the soul 3. Inspiration 4. The truthful dream 5. He may have wanted to clarify that the revelation also comes in forms other than that, or this dialogue may have taken place before he saw Jibriel in his natural form having six hundred wings and filling the horizon.

The angel would breathe the reve-.


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