ECOCRITICISM GARRARD PDF

Ecocriticism expanded as a widely used literary and cultural theory by the early s with the formation of the Association for the Study of Literature and Environment ASLE at the Western Literary Association , followed by the launch of the flagship journal ISLE: Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment cited under Journals in , and then later the publication of The Ecocriticism Reader Glotfelty and Fromm , cited under Collections of Essays. Ecocriticism is often used as a catchall term for any aspect of the humanities e. This is not to say that ecocriticism is confined to literature and culture; scholarship often incorporates science, ethics, politics, philosophy, economics, and aesthetics across institutional and national boundaries Clark , p. Ecocriticism remains difficult to define. Originally, scholars wanted to employ a literary analysis rooted in a culture of ecological thinking, which would also contain moral and social commitments to activism.

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If one hopes to fully grasp the contents, the best approach is slow reading and rereading with Wikipedia close at hand. It is a critical review of the literature, including film, poetry, philosophy, et.

It starts by providing a brief account of the various political and philosophical orientations within the broad spectrum of environmentalism. For example, the first perspective is "cornucopia"; cornucopians claim that human welfare increases with population, economic growth and technological progress.

As natural resources become scarce, entrepreneurs find substitutes or create efficiencies that ameliorate the issue. The other orientations are: environmentalism, deep ecology, ecofeminism, social ecology, ecomarxism, and Heideggerian ecophilosophy.

The book proceeds to frame the analysis into 6 ecocritical tropes: pastoral, wilderness, apocalypse, dwelling, animals, and earth. Each trope is developed with brief discussions of the principle historical works and their criticisms, chronologically and, at times, geographically. Ultimately, the purpose of this book and ecocriticism in general is to help people overcome anthropocentricism. By reviewing the various orientations that authors, artists, and the general public have held toward nature, we become capable of identifying and discouraging those that are harmful and flawed, and promoting the closest approximations of the good and true.

I would only recommend reading this book if you have the time to dedicate to independently exploring the tropes in concert with the reading, or if you have a very solid grounding in ecological literature.

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Ecocriticism

Kazizilkree Account Options Sign in. Even if the book is greatly organized, I have found difficulty in recalling what I have learnt from it. Jan 19, Lisa rated it really liked it. He would point out that the previous sentence exhibits metaphorical exploitation of This book in the New Critical Idiom series provides an effective, readable introduction to the main issues in ecocriticism, relying on and updating earlier readers by Glotfelty and Fromm, Kerridge and Sammells, and Armbruster and Wallace.

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