Works[ edit ] Although he was primarily known for his fiery speeches, Cloots was also an accomplished pamphleteer. Religious works[ edit ] Cloots was infamous in France for his outspoken antitheism. His publications frequently took the form of parody of popular or influential works of apologetics. In a speech to the Convention nationale, Cloots called for the violent destruction of all religions, claiming that religion does more harm than good and would prevent the establishment of a "Universal republic.

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His father placed him in the military academy of Berlin , but he withdrew at the age of twenty and travelled through Europe, preaching his revolutionary philosophy and spending his money as a man of pleasure. On 19 June he appeared at the bar of the National Constituent Assembly at the head of thirty-six foreigners, and, in the name of this embassy of the human race, declared that the world adhered to the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

In he placed 12, livres at the disposal of the French Republic for the arming of forty or fifty fighters in the cause of man against tyranny see French Revolutionary Wars. After the riots of 10 August he became an even more prominent supporter of new ideas, and declared himself "the personal enemy of Jesus Christ", [3] abjuring all revealed religions.

Convention[ edit ] In the same month he had the rights of French citizenship conferred on him; and, having in September been elected a member of the National Convention , he voted in favor of capital punishment for King Louis XVI , justifying it in the name of the human race, and was an active partisan of the war of propaganda.

Execution[ edit ] Excluded at the insistence of Maximilien Robespierre from the Jacobin Club , he remained a foreigner in many eyes. Although his innocence was manifest, he was condemned and subsequently guillotined on 24 March He imagined the institutions of the world state along the lines of those of the French Revolutionary Republic.

Attributed to Cloots. See p. Anacharsis Clootz, a wealthy Prussian nobleman, who had left France in vowing never to return until the Bastille had fallen. Cambridge University Press.



Life[ edit ] Anacharsis the son of Gnurus, [1] a Scythian chief, was half Greek and from a mixed Hellenic culture, apparently in the region of the Cimmerian Bosporus. He left his native country to travel in pursuit of knowledge, and came to Athens about BC, [2] at a time when Solon was occupied with his legislative measures. According to the story recounted by Hermippus , [3] Anacharsis arrived at the house of Solon and said, "I have traveled here from afar to make you my friend. For example, Plutarch remarks that he "expressed his wonder at the fact that in Greece wise men spoke and fools decided.


Anacharsis Cloots




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